Nanotechnology Treatments for Diabetes
The use of nanotechnology to treat diabetes offers some
- Glucose monitoring that does not require a blood sample.
- A system that would atomatically release insulin when needed.
- A potential vaccine for Type 1 diabetes.
This page provides a survey of the nanotechnology - based methods being developed to treat diabetes.
A Survey of Nanotechnology Treatments for Diabetes
Researchers at the University of Bath are developing
a graphene based sensor to
measure glucose levels without requiring a finger prick blood test.
Researchers at IBS are using
gold doped graphene
to develop a device to monitor the
glucose level in
people with diabetes.
Researchers at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona are invesigating the use of
liposomes to develope a vaccine for Type 1 diabetes.
Researchers have developed
nanoparticles that release insulin when glucose levels rise. The
nanoparticles contain both insulin and an enzyme that dissolve in high
levels of glucose. When the enzyme dissolves the insulin is released. In
lab test these nanoparticles were able to control blood sugar levels for
Another method being developed to release insulin uses a
sponge-like matrix that
contains insulin as well as nanocapsules containing an enzyme. When
the glucose level rises the nanocapsules release hydrogen ions, which
bind to the fibers making up the matrix. The hydrogen ions make the
fibers positively charged, repelling each other and creating openings in
the matrix through which insulin is released.