Nanotechnology in Fabrics
How can nanotechnology improve fabrics?
Making composite fabric with nano-sized particles or fibers
allows improvement of fabric properties without a significant increase in
weight, thickness, or stiffness as might have been the case with previously-used
techniques. For example incorporating nano-whiskers into fabric used to make
pants produces a lightweight water and stain repellent material.
Current Nanotechnology Applications
that cause water to bead up, making the fabric water and stain resistant.
in fabric that kills bacteria making clothing odor- resistant.
providing superior insulation for shoe inserts in cold weather.
that provide a "lotus plant" effect for fabric used awnings and
other material left out in the weather, causing dirt to rinse off in
Nanotechnology Applications under Development
Researchers at NTU Singapore are using nanowires to
capacitors for use in fabric.
Battery created by coating a
Solar cell fabric using
Konarka’s Power FiberTM
Clothing protective against hazardous chemicals using an
honeycomb of polyurethane nanofibers.
Piezoelectric fibers that could allow clothing
to generate electricity
Form fitting clothing made using
fabric composed of proteins, this material may stretch as much as
1500 percent from it's original size.
Nanotechnology Company Directory
Fabric enhanced with nanowhiskers
||Water and stain
enhanced with nanopores
heat or chill
||Fabric enhanced with nanoparticles (Mincor® TX TT)
||Dirt rinses off in rain, similar to property of the lotus plant
Fabric enhanced with silver nanoparticles
Textiles Nanotechnology Laboratory at Cornel University